Benefits of Broccoli: Health and Nutritional Information

Broccoli is one of the vegetables that contain many vitamins and minerals that are essential for maintaining good health.

When it comes to the consumption of green vegetables, rich in vitamins and minerals that are necessary to maintain our health, broccoli is on the top of the list.

Broccoli is part of the family of vegetables called “cabbage”, lat. brassicaceae, together with lettuce, cabbage and cauliflower. It is rich in many vitamins and minerals, and fibers that are essential for good health.

Vitamins and minerals that broccoli contains

Among the vitamins that broccoli contains, the most numerous are K, C and B6, and among minerals most numerous are chromium, phosphorus and potassium. Why does the body needs these vitamins and minerals?

Vitamin K

Vitamin K belongs to a group of fat-soluble vitamins. This vitamin is important for the function of proteins that are important for blood clotting. Vitamin K is essential for strengthening the bones and also helps to treat internal bleeding and reduce excessive menstrual bleeding.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C belongs to a group of water-soluble vitamins and it is the most effective antioxidant among the vitamins from this group. Vitamin C is very important for the synthesis of collagen, a protein that is essential for bone health and skin health.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 is important for the formation of amino acids and thus of proteins and hormones. Vitamin B6 is essential for the synthesis of certain hormones such as adrenaline and dopamine. It is necessary for the proper working of the brain and central nervous system and the muscles.


Chromium is the main stimulant for the metabolism of sugars. This mineral enhances the action of insulin and regulate blood sugar levels, so because of this it is recommended for people with diabetes. Also, chromium helps in muscle development and growth as well he lower the blood pressure.


After calcium, phosphorus is the second essential mineral for good health and proper organ functioning in people. This mineral is essential for building and formation of bones and teeth. Among other things, phosphorus stimulates the muscle and contributes to the growth and renewal of tissues. Phosphorus promotes the proper operation of the heart and kidneys and the development of tissues.


Potassium is a mineral and an electrolyte, and that makes him important for the function of the nerves and contraction of the heart muscles. Potassium lowers high blood pressure and reduces the risk of arrhythmia. Also, this mineral helps in reducing cholesterol levels in the blood.

Health benefits of broccoli

Lowers blood cholesterol

Due to the high amount of potassium, broccoli is a vegetable that can help reduce cholesterol levels in the blood.

It acts as a powerful antioxidant

Of all vegetables that belong to the “cabbage” group, broccoli stands out as a plant which has the highest amount of vitamin C and other antioxidants such as beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin.

Strengthens bones

Because of the large amount of vitamin K, broccoli is a vegetable that is very important for proper shaping of human bones. Vitamin K improves bone health, and also can help to regulate bone density.

It strengthens the heart and blood vessels

It has been proven that broccoli maintains healthy heart and blood vessels. It gives elasticity of blood vessels and thus improves circulation. Also, broccoli increases the production of enzymes that protect the heart from various damages and cardiovascular diseases.