When your baby have allergies reaction to something, it means that it’s body had incorrectly interpreted that substance as an enemy and his immune system is engaged in fighting against that substance.
In case of a food allergy: when that food will be inserted in the body, the immune system begins to produce some substances like histamine for example (IE the body begins to produce antibodies) and begins to fight against it.
The production of histamines, causes the symptoms of allergy. The symptoms may be mild or very severe.
Characteristic symptoms of allergy are:
- Swelling: sometimes swelling can occur immediately, and sometimes occurs within 2 hours. Swelling may occur in the respiratory organs and if expressed, can put in question the life of the baby.
- Itching: Eczema often occurs (red, dry skin, it peels and is accompanied by itching). The eczema is most common on the body, arms, legs and cheeks of the baby.
- Vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, indigestion. If it comes to food allergies, symptoms of indigestion are permanent.
Sometimes the signs of allergy often appear when the child taste for the first time some type of food, but sometimes those signs arises when it comes to sensitivity of the body, after a period when the child previously had no problem with the food.
Оccasionally an allergy can occurs when the substance of which the child is allergic to, is combined with other materials, for example if your baby is allergic to eggs, an allergy can appear in the case when the child eats eggs combined with milk.
Any food could cause a food allergy, but most food allergies are caused by the following:
Allergies also occur to other foods such as meats, fruits, vegetables, grains, and seeds such as sesame.
What is intolerance to certain foods?
Sometimes a food intolerance is confused with allergy.
Food Intolerance means that the body has difficulties to process the food, but in this case there is no reaction of the immune system. Symptoms of food intolerance are: bloating, gas, diarrhea and so on.
Most common food intolerance among children is lactose intolerance occurs – milk sugar. Because of this it is not recommended a cow’s milk to be given to infants younger than 1 year.
How to identify food intolerance in your baby?
If your baby has frequent stomach problems after eating a particular food (gas, bloating, diarrhea, cramping, or vomiting), he may have a food intolerance.
All that means is that his digestive system isn’t able to comfortably handle it. As many as 15 percent of babies under 12 months have some sort of intolerance, but the severity of it can vary enormously.
For some kids it takes a lot of the problem food to provoke a response, while for others a tiny amount can cause a reaction. Sometimes an intolerance lasts just a few days; other times the trouble persists.
Are allergies hereditary?
The tendency to allergies is hereditary.
So if your parents are allergic, there’s a good chance the baby can be allergic too. But the baby does not have to inherit the same type of allergy. One parent may be allergic to dust for example, and in the child a food allergy may appear.
If both parents are allergic, there are about 75% chance an allergy to appear in the baby.
Can a food allergy disappear?
Yes, an allergy to certain foods that baby had before, could disappear over the next few years of his life.
For example, most of the children within a few years exceed allergy to soy and corn. Some types of allergy are still difficult to exceed, for example allergies to certain species of fish.
It is unable in advance to tell whether the allergy will be permanent or will disappear over time.
What to do if you think your baby has an allergy to any type of food?
If your baby shows signs of having trouble breathing if it swells on the face or the mouth, or there is an intense vomiting or diarrhea, immediately take it to the ambulance.
Severe signs of allergy can be dangerous to its life.
If there is a severe reaction to a food, the respiratory organs can block because of the swelling and breathing can be stopped. If you suspect your baby is allergic to foods, talk to its pediatrician.
Maybe the doctor will advise you to avoid certain foods, to determine on what exactly the baby is allergic to.
If necessary, you will be referred to additional allergy tests. This will show whether it is a true allergic reaction (which includes the immune system) or intolerance to a particular food.
If you find that your baby is allergic to an artificial formula milk, replace it with another.If your baby is allergic to a food, you have to avoid completely that such foods.
Warn all guarding the baby to be careful and not to give such kind of foods. Sometimes there can be a serious allergic reaction to the smallest amount of allergenic food. If you take him in kindergarten, warn the nurses on what to beware.
If your baby has allergy symptoms, in this video you will help figuring out which allergens are causing the problem.