Many of us are unaware that they have high blood pressure, because they have no symptoms and never measured the blood pressure.
Many of them first learn when the consequences appear such as heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and disease of the blood vessels.
You’re at increased risk of high blood pressure if you:
- are overweight,
- have a relatives with high blood pressure,
- eat too much salt and don’t eat enough fruit and vegetables,
- don’t do exercise enough,
- drink too much alcohol or other caffeine-based drinks like coffee,
- regularly smoke,
- don’t get much sleep or have disturbed sleep,
- are over the age of 65.
That’s why we decided to enrich your knowledge about hypertension, and answering the 6 most common questions about high levels of human blood pressure.
1. What are the normal values of the blood pressure?
The upper limit of normal blood pressure is 120 over 80.
These values apply to older people also, for which until recently was thought that are allowed to have higher values. If your blood pressure is higher and ranges from 120 to 140 and from 80 to 90 then it is considered that the patient is threatening disease, hypertension and there should be taken serious steps to normalize blood pressure.
All those who have a pressure higher than 90 to 140 are thought to suffer from hypertension and should be treated.
2. Can your blood pressure vary?
Blood pressure varies significantly depending on what you are doing, how you feel and what is your mood.
In a great physical effort it can reach values up to 200, which is quite normal. Patients with high blood pressure should avoid heavy physical work.
The pressure is generally lower at night when we sleep. For this reason use the night to rest.
3. How and how often to measure the pressure?
Blood pressure is measured using the apparatus for measuring blood pressure, which has an upper arm cuff.
Check the accuracy of your blood pressure apparatus with your family doctor. Do not use devices for monitoring blood pressure, which need to be placed on your forearm, above the wrist, or on the fingers of the hand. They do not show the correct value of the blood pressure.
Measure the pressure several times a week at different times of the day. Do not overdo it with the measurement because it will increase your stress and that psychological situation can increase your blood pressure.
4. Do I need to check the blood pressure for my children?
Yes, do it. Once a year, check the blood pressure of your children.
This applies especially to young teenagers. There are a growing number of adolescents who have high blood pressure because of poor living habits: they associate too much with the PC and the TV, many of them are with excess body weight, eat greasy food and too salty food, and they are not physically active.
5. Does the blood pressure increases with weight gain?
Yes, that’s why you should know that if you are overweight and have a problem with blood pressure, weight reduction of only four to five kilograms can reduce blood pressure by 10 to 20 units. And it will drastically reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Reduce the weight gradually, no more than one and a half to two kilograms per month.
6. How much physical activity can help lower blood pressure?
The first step in treating high blood pressure is the change in lifestyle.
Physical activity is a very important part of this strategy.
Hiking, gardening, light exercise for body movement, dancing or cycling over thirty minutes each day can prevent the onset of high blood pressure or reduce it. If you do not have enough time to practice these activities strive to apply them for ten minutes, three times during the day.
The results will be felt very soon after.
7. How much salt is allowed for us to enter with food?
Most people are sensitive to increased salt intake and they are more likely to respond with an increase in blood pressure.
That is why sodium in food should be limited to 1.5 to 2 grams per day, which translated into a plain language is meaning teaspoon of salt per day.
This includes the total amount of salt used for preparation of food and that amount which is additionally added in the food.
Salt is a big enemy of health. One more gram of salt can increase the blood pressure by 5 units. One more gram of salt can increase blood pressure by 5 units. Reduce the total intake of salt through food and you will preserve your health!
8. Does smoking cigarettes affects blood pressure values?
Smoking constricts the blood vessels, and that seriously damages the blood vessels.
They become brittle, inflexible and prone to rupture. In this way, smoking directly affects the system of blood vessels in the body, and that is where the high blood pressure is born.
So those who smoke should immediately stop smoking because health is a precious thing that should be kept and cherished.
9. When and how to take treatment for high blood pressure?
You need every day to take the therapy that is recommended by your doctor.
Treatment is taken in the morning after getting up and in the afternoon at the latest 19 h. Never take treatment for high blood pressure on your own or only when you have high blood pressure. Often the treatment for high blood pressure is taken for life.
It will protect you from the devastating consequences that can hypertension cause, it is not for nothing called the silent killer.